Our latest article on the Garden Design Academy blog discusses the death of the gardening book. What do you think? Will the ebook soon replace the real thing?
I’ve built a lot of gardens over the years, as a garden designer and owner of a two landscape companies. I don’t have the figures to hand but basic mental arithmetic puts the total built at around 500, while we have designed perhaps three times that.
Some of the people we worked for were not nice, some were dishonest and others unreasonably demanding. But the worst client ever? It could be me!
The problem is I know too much. At the risk of blowing my own trumpet, if a landscaper makes a mistake I can see it easily. While customers may complain about little things, they very often miss the fundamental errors which, in the case of our companies, I like to think I would spot and have corrected before any harm was done. Sometimes garden builders and landscapers will try to explain away the problems, justifying them, excusing them or denying they exist. We have years of experience behind us and can see through all that. That’s great if you are employing me to look out for your interests, but a disaster waiting to happen if you are working for us. I say “us”, but my wife is being much more mature and reasonable.
The Garden Design Academy and Les Sequoias, our B&B, are currently having a swimming pool built and I am not enjoying the process one little bit. I moan, I complain, I ask difficult questions, I get in the way. I know it’s not helpful but I just can’t stop myself. The French in general have a view about dealing with customers which is quite foreign to anything my clients expect and demand. I love it here, so I am reluctant to support the Anglo-Saxon stereotyping of the French by describing all of our problems, but I had hoped for a bit more service and consideration when I am spending my hard-earned cash with a company.
I mention all this mainly to address those of you who run businesses, and we have many students who do just that or will do so in the near future. I suggest they try to look at their operations from the point of view of a client. Are you welcoming, professional and transparent in what you are offering? Is your brochure easy to understand, your garden centre easy to navigate, your products easy to purchase? Have you thought about who your clients are and how you should address them, communicate with them, and explain things to them? Are you, your staff, your establishment and your marketing materials user-friendly? Do your products live up to the sales literature; can you do what you promise to do, on time and at a reasonable price?
From my point of view, what this swimming pool company lacks is a single point of reference for a client; someone who is in charge of every aspect of the job, can ensure that it is done well and that the client is kept fully informed. This person needs to be on site regularly. Teams of expert installers come and go seemingly at random – a day here, two days next week and three days the week after that. Most of them seem competent enough and reasonable friendly, but lacking hands-on leadership. We see minor and serious errors occur with each visit, and have to point them out ourselves. My wife spotted early on that the built-in stairway was installed in the wrong corner, averting the most serious mistake before it became too costly to correct. We have to repeat instructions and warnings to every team that walks in the door and I have lost count of the number of times I have asked them to be careful with our plants, only to watch them being buried under tons of earth, run over by machinery or trodden underfoot. I’m a nervous wreck now and can’t wait for them to go!
There is a place for human and other resource efficiencies and cost-saving business strategies, but when these interfere with good customer relationships it is time to reconsider your options. Do it anyway, on a regular basis and before minor irritations become magnified over time and customers are lost to more considerate competitors. At least the French don’t kill my plants and then demand Hobnobs with their tea!
This is an incredibly busy time in the garden with seed to sow, seedlings to care for and pot on, tidying up the borders and lawns and weeding, weeding, weeding. A regular job cannot be ignored at this time of the year however busy one is. Every day, two or three times a day, we go hunting for Lily Beetles. This bright red beasties will eat every morsel of lily leaf they can find and must be collected and dispatched by hand, before they can do too much damage. It’s worth it, not only for the sake of the Lilies: if you have to deal with the larvae, disgusting things covered in their own excrement, the task is far worst. Those who grow a few Lilies and do not know this pest should look it up in gardening books or on the internet; I tried taking a photograph for this blog post, but they move as soon as they sense your presence. It is important to say that while all these tasks keep a gardener rushing around from one side of the garden to the other, time should always be found to admire the flowers which are everywhere at this time of the year. If not for pleasure, what is a garden for?
We do not always receive as much response to these ramblings as I would like, but one recent comment on Cannas quoted the American garden writer Henry Mitchell. I was so intrigued by the remark that I ordered a copy of The Essential Earthman and have really enjoyed that gardener’s insights and observations. A real plantman, I have found myself reaching for the RHS Encyclopaedia several times to check on plants he recommends or otherwise. I like him, but suspect he was not always easy to get on with. He died on November 12th 1993, before I could read his articles “live”.
There are some guide books which in our family are always kept in the car, so that whenever we go out for a drive we can find a great pub, hotel or, in the case of The Yellow Book, a garden to visit. This indispensible guide lists over 3,800 gardens in England and Wales, opened to the public on behalf of the National Gardens Scheme to raise money for charity – £2.6 million last year.
This wonderfully British institution seems to sum up all that is best in the country, sharing our collective passion for gardening and our benevolent concern for others. I have used editions of the Yellow Book since my student days, dropping in on hidden horticultural gems scattered about in every corner of the country; I’ve met some great gardeners, genuine enthusiasts and people with amazing amounts of knowledge and talent.
Every so often I have dabbled with the idea of opening our garden under the scheme, but never had the courage to do so. I have built gardens for clients which would be more than suitable, but I’m not sure I have ever owned a garden good enough and I am not sure I could cope with the criticism. This year a series of lectures will tell us how it’s done and encourage timid souls like me to have a go: it’s all in a good cause!
Another great innovation is launched this year – an iPhone application which will locate gardens near to you and provide all the details – all very clever. The Yellow Book itself is set out beautifully; after a county map of the country each of the counties has a section to itself. Bedfordshire for instance starts with a map with each of the gardens given a number. A calendar on the opposite page shows which gardens are open on which day each month. Then the gardens are listed alphabetically with a full description, opening times and contact details. Each of the other counties of England and Wales are treated in the same way: it couldn’t be more clear or easy to use. Scotland has its own quite separate scheme which has been going since 1931.
This inspirational guide is an essential part of own picnic set and a copy should be in every garden enthusiast’s home. You can buy a copy at the Garden Design Academy’s book store priced at £7.49
I have never understood why Hollywood has not produced a film called The Plant Hunter – correct me if I missed it. Picture the intrepid Scot, battling against all odds, suffering all manner of deprivations and loosing half his staff to disease or head-hunters. There’s action, intrigue, political manoeuvrings and who knows, maybe sex, all to bring a new flower to the gardens of England or a new crop to a far flung corner of the Empire. It used to happen all the time of course and even in this age of GPS there are RHS and Kew sponsored botanists, beavering away in the most unlikely places looking for new species before they disappear from their native habitats. Their stories are a source of endless fascination for me and I enjoy linking plants to their country of origin and those who brought them back for us to enjoy. The clues are often in the name and I was astounded to discover that as a royal gardener in Windsor Great Park I was working in the same establishment as George Forrest junior, whose Father was the Indiana Jones of the plant world. One of the most productive of the plant hunters, introducing 1200 new plant species from western China up to his death in 1932.
On my desk sit two books; Wanderings in China, a 1847 leather bound original by Robert Fortune was given to me on my eighteenth birthday by my Grandmother. She tucked in a number of Central Reserve Bank of China bank notes dating back to 1940 when my Grandfather, an architect in Shanghai, was caught up in the Japanese invasion in the early stages of the Second Sino-Japanese War. The second book is brand new: In the footsteps of Augustine Henry and his Chinese plant collectionsby Seamus O’Brien and published by the Garden Art Press.
Fortune was a Scot who served an apprenticeship at the Royal Botanical Gardens, Edinburgh and went on to become Deputy Superintendent of the Horticultural Society’s garden at Chiswick. At the end of the Opium Wars (Britain has been selling Indian opium to the Chinese in exchange for silver and went to war when the Chinese tried to put a stop to this illegal trade) the Horticultural Society were quick to exploit the new opportunities that a more open country provided. On behalf of the Society (now the RHS) Fortune undertook a series of trips to China from 1843 until his retirement in 1862. He was responsible for the introduction of Tea to India and Ceylon for the East India Company when in 1851 he arrived at the port of Calcutta with 2,000 young plants and 17,000 germinating seeds. He also introduced numerous fine plants to UK gardens including many we take for granted these days and Buddleja lindleyana, in flower this afternoon in my own garden. The tone of his book shows him to be as patronising and zealous as only a British colonial can be.
Augustine Henry was Irish (though born in Dundee in 1857), the son of a grocer and flax merchant, who had also tried his hand in the goldfields of America and Australia. A brilliant scholar, Augustine had degrees from Galway, Belfast and Edinburgh in natural science, philosophy and medicine. In 1881 he joined the Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs Service, an organisation run by Europeans for the Chinese government, based in Shanghai on the Yangtze River and his employer for nearly twenty years. While Fortune risked his life in many of his clandestine plant hunting exploits, Henry was an employee of a service with stations throughout China and as such had access to the most remote corners of the empire.
Collecting plants for scientific study in his spare time, Henry long felt that a professional should be dispatched from the UK to exploit the rich sources of plant life he was discovering. Eventually in 1899 the nurserymen James Veitch and Sons sent E.H.Wilson to find ornamental plants for them and in this Wilson was standing on the shoulders of the scholarly giant who had opened up the opportunities before him. Wilson was specifically tasked to bring back seed of Davidia involucrate which Henry had collected and described ten years earlier.
Plants of the three gorges region were collected by both Henry and Wilson. The flooding of a vast area by spanning the Yangtze to create the Three Gorges Dam, the world’s largest hydroelectric barrier, would result in the loss of many unique plants and animals. The goal of Shamus O’Brien was to explore this region, following the routes used by Augustine Henry, before the flooding obliterated everything. The book describes Henry’s plant hunting expeditions in some detail, giving us a real feel for the enormous amount of effort which went into locating and recording the plants he discovered. The results of just one 6-month trip were 27,300 meticulously collected, tagged, recorded and preserved herbarium specimens. O’Brian himself has catalogued the full 158,000 specimens collected by Henry in China.
The book recounts the setting up of O’Brian’s own expeditions to Sichuan and Hubei provinces in 2002 and 2004, visiting Henry’s old haunts in the region. Full of enticing detail, it is the ideal botanists travel adventure book, switching backwards and forwards between the original and contemporary expeditions. There are huge lists of plant names but also fascinating descriptions of specimens as they were found. Henry’s thoughts on the location and characteristics of each plant and explanations of how they are used locally or might be used in our gardens make enthralling reading. The current situation is well observed, describing the cities, towns and villages they passed through and comparing them to the accounts from Henry’s time. Photographs of the countryside, plants and people encountered are liberally distributed throughout the book, together with a number of pictures from archives of Henry’s visits.
This is a big book in every sense, exciting to read and one to be dipped into again and again. One of the early cities visited was the provincial of Wuhan, just 25 miles from the dam, where I have landscape design clients. Here, assistance was sought from Botanical Garden staff, who guided around the Three Gorges region. Luscious plant descriptions continually remind the reader of the debt we owe this region and those who introduced native plants to our gardens. We can be grateful too for a book of such massive scope, which puts it all into context by retracing the footsteps of Augustine Henry.
The book is available from the Garden Design Academy bookstore.
The local paper is up in arms! A hypermarket had bought a patch of land next to its store to expand its activities at a total project cost of 15 million Eurors, only to be told it cannot proceed because of the existence on the site of a wild fern, Ophioglossum vulgatum.
This plant is not especially uncommon in Europe but has protected status in several areas, including the Sologne, on the edge of which the hypermarket is located. The Adder’s-tongue Fern is an unusual fern that grows in old grasslands, on hillsides, along woodland rides and on sand dunes. It usually appears between June and August, spending the rest of the year underground as a rhizome. Looking more like an Arum than a fern, it is considered a good indicator species of ancient meadows and can be found alongside Common Spotted-orchids, Quaking Grass and Devil’s-bit Scabious. For centuries it has been used as a treatment for wounds, using a preparation of it known as the ‘Green Oil of Charity’.
Ferns (but not this one) are one of the solutions recommended in Graham Rice’s new book, “Planting the Dry Shade Garden”. Billed as the only book deal with this growing condition, I was interested to read what was advised, having several dry-shade areas in my own garden. The book starts by discussing the nature of the problem of planting against shady walls or under trees. It goes on to explain how to improve the situation by reducing shade and increasing the amount of available moisture around trees. Crown thinning, crown thinning and tree removal are suggested options to increase light levels while a range of techniques are available to improve fertility and soil moisture content.
In dealing with the soil the suggested actions are to raise soil levels, improve soil quality, install irrigation and mulch regularly. Container planting is also proposed. Increasing soil depth is a common but controversial technique, and one which may have your local authority tree officer rushing ’round to intervene. Few trees can confidently be predicted to thrive or even survive if more than four inches of fill are placed directly over their roots, so great care must be taken when gardeners construct raised beds as suggested. The rule of thumb is to preserving the existing levels in a circular area around the tree, equal in diameter to at least one-foot for every inch of stem diameter. This means that I should protect an area of 100 feet (30m) around our 150 year old Sequoia which is 8ft 4″ (2.55m) in diameter!
The other issue not discussed here is the serious harm which may be done to trees by planting amongst their roots. Regular cultivation of the soil can also remove or damage delicate feeding roots and introduce soil-borne diseases, so a high degree of care must be taken when gardening under trees.
As Graham Rice points out, what can be grown in dry shade depends on how bad the problem is – after all, some on the world’s finest gardens are woodland gardens. The main part of the book describes a range of plants suitable for the toughest conditions, a source of inspiration to those gardeners who have about given up hope with their own shady areas. Around 130 plants are listed and illustrated, with descriptions written in a style that suggests he knows them personally. The well-illustrated sections are divided into Shrubs, Climbers, Perennials, Groundcovers, Bulbs and Annuals and Biennials. We already have a few of the plants suggested in our bed under the Sequoia and in the shade of the neighbour’s Lawson Cypress, but I am happy to say that I learned a thing or two and plants I might have not considered were brought to my attention. It is the nature of such a book that a few of my favourites were left out, while some of the suggestions would need controlling if they were not to take over more favoured parts of the garden.
All in all I would recommend this book to gardeners of both the armchair and the hands-on kinds. It is written by a well-respected and knowledgeable plantsman and aimed at garden owners on both sides of the Atlantic. At just over £10 from the Garden Design Academy bookshop, it could make an ideal stocking filler this Christmas.
The festive season has arrived at the Elliott household (we found a bottle of port at the back of Mother-in-Law’s cupboard, 40 years old, if it is a day – the port, not the Belle-Mère) and I’m writing my list for Santa.
Naturally, plants are a priority.
We have just passed through the mildest and driest autumn since 1900 and December shows no sign of altering the trend. Roses and Geraniums are still throwing out the occasional flower and spring flowering Rhododendrons and Camellias are already opening. Despite this, with memories of summer excess still strong in the memory, the garden seems to be lacking colour. I am hoping Mahonia x. media ‘Charity’, ‘Winter Sun’ or ‘Lionel Fortescue’ would bring bunches of scented sunshine into the cool, misty mornings. As an ex-gardener at the Saville gardens, Windsor, I am very fond of Charity and her rarely seen sisters, Faith and Hope, which were bred at the nursery there.
I already have my eyes on a sucker of Viburnum x. bodnantense in a garden in the village, although I am not sure of the variety. The cross of Viburnum farreri (formerly V. fragrans) and V. grandiflorum was originally made by Charles Lamont, the Assistant Curator at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh in 1933. He didn’t rate the resulting plants as being any better than their parents, so did not propagate them. In 1934 and 1935, the same cross was done at Bodnant, hence the name. ‘Dawn’ was the first cultivar to be named, ‘Deben’ was another and, after he died, ‘Charles Lamont’ was also named in honour of the original raiser. I am trying to find out if the French have their own hydrids.
Sarcococca hookeriana var. digyna is a great little evergreen shrub that we have grown in several gardens, but do not yet have here in Chabris. It’s the sort of plant you hardly notice until, in December, it produces small, but intensely fragrant white flowers. Our front door faces north and this plant is ideal for these conditions. A small bed, which this summer contained a New Guinnea Hybrid Busie Lizie, awaits.
I noticed a specimen of Chimonanthus praecox poking over the wall of a rather grand house in the village last year. This and Hamamelis are certaining worth growing for winter colour. We already have Hamamelis x intermedia ‘Arnold Promise’ growing amongst other woodland plants near the Sequoias, so a Wintersweet would make a nice addition. Close by, variegated Skimmia japonica Magic Marlot seems to have been in flower forever, Ilex Blue Angel provides a few seasonal berries and further down, a group of Erica Springwood White mark the start of the White Border.
The more you think about it, the more desirable plants come to mind. Then there are books: “Planting the Dry Shade Garden is already on order with Timber Press, a company whose stock list is one of the most desirable for gardening enthusiasts. Two other’s recently published by the same company are on my list: Contemporary Colour in the Garden and Designing with Grasses. A £500 Timber Press gift voucher, if such a thing exists, would be easy to spend.
Richard Ford’s book on Hostas (Crowood Press) is one of the best I have read on the subject and would have been on the list had I not already ordered it via the Garden Design Academy bookshop. I have also been reading “In the footsteps of Augustine Henry”, a recent purchase from the Garden Art Press, which I have been comparing with an original copy of Wanderings in China by Robert Fortune, another 19th C plant hunting hero. I will never tire of gardening books, or of plants, but I realise buying them for me is not easy…..hence the list.
What are other gardening enthusiasts hoping for this Christmas?
A month or so ago I took part in a telephone interview with freelance writer & editor Eleanor O’Kane who was researching ex-pat blog writers in France. The result was this article in the December issue of Living France magazine.
I blog to promote our various businesses, to educate and inform the gardening world and as a place to show off my plant photographs. Mostly I do it to amuse myself. I have made some great contacts with amateur enthusiasts and professional growers, designers or artists as a result and on occasions I receive interesting or supportive comments; mostly I receive spam. It’s a funny business, this blogging: a bit like writing a diary and leaving it open for people to read. I’ve been doing it for many years now.
Completely new to me is Facebook, Twitter and the other ‘social media’, as I gather they are called. This blog is forwarded to our pages on a whole host of these sites but I have never really got to grips with them. I recently realised that I had two Facebook accounts, one with a silly photo and one slightly more sensible and that posts seemed to be going to one or the other, seemingly at random. I have therefore deleted one account to concentrate on the remaining one and set up an additional page for the Garden Design Academy. I have probably offended and alienated dozens of “friends” in the process.
Having created the Academy Facebook Page, I now need to work out what to do with it. I have never been shy about promoting the Academy in this blog, but it seems to me that the Facebook page should be much more focused and serious, concentrating on courses and distance learning in the horticultural and gardening industries, rather than the trivialities of my daily life. We’ll have to settle down and plan the thing but one thought is a discounted “course of the month” feature. People like something for nothing, as I have already observed in these pages.
If anyone knows about these things and is inclined to tell me about them, I am sure I will be grateful. In the meantime there is, as always, gardening to be done.
Hidden in a box somewhere is a copy of the Unwin’s guide to growing Sweet Peas and I am sure, had I managed to find it, it would have recommended winter sowing. The idea of this is to have well established plants ready for planting out as early as possible and is the technique used by all exhibition growers of sweet peas. Seeds have a tough outer casing and to assist germination I left them in a glass of warm water over night. The following day I sowed them in seed compost, three to a pot, and placed them in a heated propagator.
Last year we had great success with Ballerina Blue, a new variety from Thompson and Morgan, so this year we are trying their Flower of the Year: Sweet Pea ‘Prima Ballerina’ and White Supreme, destined for the wall of our White Border. Once germinated I shall be growing them on slowly to create stocky, well rooted plants for planting out in the spring.
This is a busy and exciting week, with a group of students staying here on a residential ” Design your own Garden” course, this time with a Feng Shui twist, featuring an expert in the subject, Elizabeth Wells, over from the UK.
Still I find time to do a little weeding and admire this week’s new flowers, a welcome break after several hours of lecturing in the classroom. A small tree of Clerodendrum trichotomum is one of the current highlights, covered in sweetly smelling flowers and sheltering a pink Dahlia at its base. Close by is a large clump of Aster novi-belgii ‘Schone Von Dietlikon’, compact, Mildew clear and attracting Butterflies and other insects.
By email another batch of new students have just signed up: Cottage Gardens, several for RHS Certificate Level 2 and for the first time, RHS Certificate Level 3, second part (Certificate in the Principles of Garden Planning, Construction and Planting). Courses are checked, burned to CD and posted with a covering letter, nipping out to do this and buy the bread for breakfast. We get through huge quantities of bread: I blame the baker, the fresh air and Chantal’s home made jam!
In the post a couple of new textbooks have arrived and need reviewing; these will have to wait until next week, when I plan to sit by the Mediterranean and read, but they look as if students might find them useful useful: Residential Landscape Architecture for the designers and Turfgrass Management for the parks people.
At lunch times, indoors mostly because of the uncertain weather, friends keep dropping in to meet the students and give us little gifts: golden Girolle mushrooms from the Sologne, where a friend has a farm rented out for hunting; perfect-looking Quinces from a local garden, the first walnuts of the season and an impromptu jam swap.
But there is work to be done and transport to confirm to take us all to the Chaumont Festival of Gardens (see earlier posts). Normally we drop in on a vineyard on the way back and I have just the one primed and ready to offer samples. There’ll still be time to garden, I am sure, although the circus has just arrived in the village square!
I am a great fan of Cedric Pollet, a photographer who specialises in bark. I reviewed his book, enticingly and enigmatically called “Bark”, for the Garden Design Academy last year and have just discovered his post cards. These are so gorgeous I am not now sure I want to send any out and may have the whole collection framed for the office wall. Perhaps I will be in a more generous mood come Christmas!
If you like the idea of sending artwork to friends, you can buy a set from his online shop site here: http://www.cedric-pollet.com/boutique/67-carte-postale-ecorce-d-erable.html
Feel free to say Colin sent you.
I have been rushing about quite a bit lately, with a Paris trip swiftly followed by a couple of days near Mirepoix, in the Ariège department in the Midi-Pyrénées region to look at a client’s garden. A week later we were back in Bordeaux for a short week and finally returning here a few days ago. The climate and soils of each of these areas are so different but France is a big country and as a designer I go where I am asked. Gradually I am seeing many of the departments of France and it would be lovely to build gardens in each of them – although after 1,500 gardens designed in the UK I could never say I had gardened in every county.
We are having a wall and gate built in the front garden and that is beginning to take shape nicely. It has quite changed the nature of the front and once all the mess has been cleaned up I am looking forward to doing some planting – although we do need parking for residential students and guests of my wife’s B&B.
My free time seems to have been taken up by Rory Stuart’s Gardens of the World (The Great Traditions) for some while now: it’s a big book in every sense of the word. Stuart attempts to cover a huge subject, contrasting and comparing in an original way the development of the ornamental garden as interpreted by the major world gardening cultures. It has resulted in a large format hardback running to 250 pages which highlights the differences and the links between the resulting garden art, studying the philosophies and politics which have driven the progress of gardening for pleasure as opposed to mere utility, sustenance or profit.
It starts with an argument for his chosen selection; he explains, for instance, why the great gardens of France and Germany, wonderful perhaps but derivative, do not feature in this work. After a brief overview chapter in which he outlines his thesis, Stuart begins with his first great garden tradition: that derived from Islam. In this and subsequent chapters, not always politically correct, he runs through the social history of pleasure gardening in very diverse world cultures including China, Japan and Italy, where he now lives. The gardening nation of England is awarded two chapters, one on the Landscape Park and another on the Flower Garden, while a final chapter looks at the USA and why it has yet to create its own garden tradition.
This book is apparently aimed at students of garden history and the thinking garden visitor, both of whom will need to keep their wits about them and may be required to take notes! If you are rusty on the chronology of Arab rulers prepare yourself for a lesson and when you move on to China and Japan similar treats await. At times I am convinced Stuart trips himself up but the background is useful and can be returned to later on a second read. I am looking forward to having time for this myself. Illustrations are lavishly provided and, to save the casual reader from delving too far into the text, annotated in some detail. As a professional garden tour guide and with no photo credits apparent, I suspect many of the photographs are taken by the author.
There is much to admire and much to learn from this book so it would be a shame if the rather highbrow tone put off some readers. At the coffee table level alone it gives pleasure with its photographs of famous and less familiar gardens but persevere and you may find yourself irresistibly drawn into a more cerebral and critical view of the art of garden creation. I immodestly call myself a plantsman but imagine Stuart would not assume such a title himself – his interest seems to lie in dissecting the background, the process and the result – the technical details of the art of the garden more than the plants and flowers which adorn it. That’s fine with me because what he offers is a fresh look at the subject from an alternative viewpoint. The effect on a humble gardener like myself is similar to my one and only meeting with Roy Strong as a young garden designer: eye opening, inspiring and leaving me wanting more…..much more. I am delighted there is room alongside the RHS encyclopaedias and Expert books on my bookshelf for a serious and stimulating tome like this.
Gardens of the World – The Great Traditions – by Rory Stuart is published by Frances Lincoln with a list price of £30
There are several other new books competing for my attention at the moment including Les Jardins du Val de Loire which my wife bought me for Christmas and The Sun Kings Garden about Louis XIV, Andre Le Notre and the creation of the gardens of Versailles. With the damp keeping me out of the garden I should be able to find time for them, but there is student marking to do and Spring is approaching…..